The Information Technology boom in Bangalore over the last 15 years has seen its population grow from 4.13 million in 1991 to about 7 million in 2007. This has corresponded with an increase in the size of Bangalore from 226 sq. km. in 1995 to 741 sq. km. in 2007. However, this enormous growth in the population and the size of Bangalore has not been accompanied by a commensurate improvement in the transportation infrastructure and has led to a very severe and persistent congestion.
The general Bangalore congestion problem is decomposable into several significant and somewhat independent pieces. For example, significant new additions to Bangalore such as the offices of the IT industry, the several large Call Centers, and the new International Airport have occurred outside the "core" Bangalore area. But, these additions are not yet well-equipped with the basic amenities for living: hospitals, stores, schools, restaurants, entertainment centers, etc. So, people live in core Bangalore and commute to work in the new developments.
One significant problem is the commuter traffic on Hosur Road that links Bangalore to Electronics City. Electronics City is located about 15 km south of Bangalore and hosts IT giants such as Infosys Technologies, Wipro, Hewlett-Packard, Tata Consultancy Services, Siemens, Satyam Computers and Tata Power. An entity, called the Electronics City Industries Association (ELCIA), of which these companies are members, oversees the development of Electronics City.
Our work concerns the congestion experienced by the employees of Infosys Technologies on their way to and from work each day. The INSTANT project aims to incentivize off-peak hour commuting, leading to a savings in commuting time, fuel and a reduction of pollution. For more information, refer to the paper presented at NetEcon '09.